THIS SNOWPACK SUMMARY EXPIRED ON January 6, 2015 @ 3:20 pm
Snowpack Summary published on January 5, 2015 @ 3:20 pm
Issued by Ben Bernall - Kootenai National Forest
Avalanche Character 1: Storm Slab
Storm Slab avalanches release naturally during snow storms and can be triggered for a few days after a storm. They often release at or below the trigger point. They exist throughout the terrain. Avoid them by waiting for the storm snow to stabilize.

Substantial storm loading occured overnight and is forecasted to continue through Tuesday. This storm came in well below freezing on Sunday and is finshing at or above freezing Tuesday. The weak layer below this storm loading appears to be the surface hoar that developed during last weeks bitterly cold temperatures. These weak layers sit atop an excellent bed surface of a rain crust. This most recent storm event must not be taken lightly. Natural releases are evident and human triggered avalanches are very likely.  Travel in avalanche terrain is NOT recommended.  Backcountry travelers need to give the snowpack some time to adjust to its new load! 

Snowpack Discussion

With the most recent storm, the backcountry is inviting for powder enthusiasts.  This is what everyone has been waiting for.  Backcountry travelers need to accept the information and realize that the avalanche hazard is HIGH. Travel in avalanche terrain is not recommended. 

recent observations

Today I visited the upper Bear Creek Basin at 5500 feet in the East Cabinet Range.  As I climbed from 5000 feet to 5500 feet, I experienced frequent collapsing of the snowpack at 4-6 inches below the new snow over night.  There was little evidence of wind transport in the basin over the last week.  Natural soft slab releases during the night occurred, especially on the steeper north aspects.


On a moderate south aspect I found 71 inches of snow.  The top 19 inches was very soft new snow from overnight.  Below this is a 6 inch soft slab (4 finger), then a 4 inch hard slab (1 finger) atop a knife hard rain crust.  Below this rain crust is a 12 inch hard slab (pencil) that sits on the Thanksgiving rain crust.  Extended Column Test resulted in propagation across the column at 25 inches from the surface with easy force. Failure was on a buried surface hoar layer that probably formed during our bitterly cold temperatures of last week.

weather summary

 Since Wednesday, December 31st weather has been cold and until Sunday afternoon. Temperatures moderated and climbed just above freezing Monday morning, January 5th, with the advance of a very strong wave of moisture.  From Sunday afternoon through noon Monday, SNOTEL sites reported SWE increases of 1.1- 3.0 inches with snow depths increases of 4 inches to 13 inches.  Today in the upper Bear Creek basin, light snow continued to fall and temperatures were around 28º F.  There was no evidence of wind in the basin or the ridgelines above it.  In Bear Creek Meadows, we measured 19 inches of new snow.


The weather forecast calls for decreasing cloud cover and moderate temperatures with day time highs at or just above freezing.  Snowfall will taper as well by Tuesday afternoon with another 5-8 inches possible.  Winds will be out of the southwest/


This advisory applies only to backcountry areas outside established ski area boundaries. This advisory describes general avalanche conditions and local variations always occur. This advisory expires midnight on the posted day unless otherwise noted. The information in this advisory is provided by the USDA Forest Service who is solely responsible for its content.